[mercury-users] Converting List To List Of Tuples

win1for at yahoo.com win1for at yahoo.com
Fri Dec 17 21:56:56 AEDT 2010

Please am a total beginner can you give me an example of how to use the map.

thanks for your reply
--- On Fri, 12/17/10, Raphael Collet <rco at missioncriticalit.com> wrote:

From: Raphael Collet <rco at missioncriticalit.com>
Subject: Re: [mercury-users] Converting List To List Of Tuples
To: mercury-users at csse.unimelb.edu.au
Cc: "win1for at yahoo.com" <win1for at yahoo.com>
Date: Friday, December 17, 2010, 3:44 AM

Dear user,

I suggest you to have a look at the modules map, pair and assoc_list. 
With a map, you will be able to build the frequency map.  Start from an 
empty map, then increment the frequency of each character you find in 
the string.  The predicate string.foldl/4 is useful to iterate over all 
the characters of the string.

To convert the map into a list of pairs, you may simply use

     ListOfPairs = map.to_assoc_list(FrequencyMap)

In your case, the result will be of type list(pair(char, int)).  Note 
that the pair is not strictly a tuple, but a more specific type for a 
tuple of exactly two elements.

The last point you need is to sort the list with list.sort/3.  Simply 
define a comparison predicate to compare two values of type pair(char, 
int): order them by their second components.  Something like:

:- pred compare_freq(pair(K, int), pair(K, int), comparison_result).
:- mode compare_freq(in, in, out) is det.

compare_freq(X1 - F1, X2 - F2, Result) :- compare(Result, F1, F2).

The predicate compare/3 and its associated types is defined in the 
module builtin.

I hope this will help you.


On 12/17/2010 05:22 AM, win1for at yahoo.com wrote:
> Hello,
> I am just a total beginner in mercury and finding it hard to solve this
> problem. I want to convert a list to a list of tupples sorted from
> smaller to higher frequenties. Eg:
> |string.to_char_list("this is a test")  becomes
> [{'a', 1}, {'e', 1}, {'h', 1}, {'i', 2}, {' ', 3}, {'s', 3}, {'t', 3}]
> OR
> [3,2,1,2,1,1,2]  becomes
> [{3, 1}, {1, 3}, {2, 3}]
> |
> You can see that the list of tuples are sorted from smaller to higher
> frequenties.
> I am asking if someone can help me to solve this or point me to a
> tutorial where i can find more tips to do it.
> Thanks for your reply.

mercury-users mailing list
Post messages to:       mercury-users at csse.unimelb.edu.au
Administrative Queries: owner-mercury-users at csse.unimelb.edu.au
Subscriptions:          mercury-users-request at csse.unimelb.edu.au

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.mercurylang.org/archives/users/attachments/20101217/ec05fde5/attachment.html>

More information about the users mailing list